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Gastrointestinal cancer surgeries

Gastrointestinal cancer surgeries

Esophagus

It is a long muscular tube connecting mouth and throat with stomach. Its function is to propel ingested food towards the stomach. The predominant symptoms of diseases of esophagus would therefore be inability to swallow solid or liquid food (Dysphagia), regurgitation of food and saliva, painful swallowing of food. In case of dyscoordination of esophagus and stomach, there might be acid regurgitation which may lead to chest pain or burning sensation in the chest. None of the symptoms are to be taken lightly and you should report to a gastro centre for early diagnosis and relief.

Stomach

A storage reservoir organ and helping in partial digestion, is the most common organ to suffer a variety of insults. However, it also has a remarkable capacity to normalize its function in a majority of patients within a span of 24-48 hours. The predominant symptoms of diseased stomach are pain abdomen in the upper part, burning sensation, vomittings, loss of appetite, bloating and a combination of symptoms. Persistence of these symptoms demands an early visit to your nearest gastroenterologist.

Intestine

These marvelous and lengthy organs of gastrointestinal system are primarily concerned with digestion of food, its absorption and removal of undigested food from the body. The small intestine measures almost 10-12 feet in length and principally concerned with digestion and absorption whereas the large intestine is concerned with absorption of electrolytes and fecal storage and its excretion. The intestines are exposed to a number of insults from viruses, bacteria, parasites and toxic materials and may get diseased. But, they have a remarkable capacity to regenerate which helps in normalizing bodily functions in a short span of time.The predominant symptoms related to disease of intestine are abdominal pain, diarrhea, dysentery, vomiting, bleeding per rectum, dehydration. These effects are exacerbated in children and in elderly people. An early visit to the gastroenterologist will help in alleviating your symptoms early and rapid resolution of disease.

liver

The solid organ situated in the right upper part of the abdomen is the gatekeeper of abdomen. It helps in dealing with infections arising in the abdomen as well as in the blood stream. It also helps in detoxifying dangerous substances that are absorbed from the intestines, promotes digestion with the help of bile and plays a crucial role in metabolism of carbohydrate, proteins and fats. Diseases of liver usually present with loss of appetite, jaundice, intermittent fevers, loss of weight and abdominal distension.

Pancreas

This vital leaf shaped organ present behind stomach is concerned with digestion of food by the enzymes it produces and control of sugars by releasing insulin in blood in response to elevated sugars. Diseases of pancreas are less common when compared to other organs. However, pancreatic diseases are difficult to treat medically and surgical treatment is associated with high morbidity and occasional mortality.

Biliary Tree

Biliary tree includes gall bladder and bile duct (CBD). The role of bile ducts is to facilitate passage of bile into intestine from liver. Gall bladder is a storage organ for bile with important function of absorption of electrolytes. However, these are also the most commonly afflicted organs in the abdomen.